Judgment at Nuremberg

that saw me through the war.
You have been somebody to look up to,
for all of us.

Is that all, Herr Rolfe?
Thank you.
Dr. Wieck, do you know the defendant,
Ernst Janning?

Yes, I know him.
Will you tell us in what capacity?
We served in the Ministry of Justice together
from 1929 till 1935.

Did you know him before that?
He was a law student of mine.
- Did you know him well?
- Yes.

- Was he a protégé of yours?
- Yes.

He was always a man of great intelligence.
He was a man born with the qualities
of a great legal mind.

Would you tell us
from your own experience...

the position of the judge in Germany
prior to the advent of Adolf Hitler.

The position of the judge
was one of complete independence.

Now, would you describe
the contrast, if any...

after the coming to power
of National Socialism in 1933?

Judges became subject
to something outside of objective justice.

They became subject to what was necessary
for the protection of the country.

Would you explain this, please?
The first consideration of the judge...
became the punishment of acts
against the state...

rather than objective consideration
of the case.

And what other changes were there?
The right to appeal was eliminated.