Judgment at Nuremberg

He was a man born with the qualities
of a great legal mind.

Would you tell us
from your own experience...

the position of the judge in Germany
prior to the advent of Adolf Hitler.

The position of the judge
was one of complete independence.

Now, would you describe
the contrast, if any...

after the coming to power
of National Socialism in 1933?

Judges became subject
to something outside of objective justice.

They became subject to what was necessary
for the protection of the country.

Would you explain this, please?
The first consideration of the judge...
became the punishment of acts
against the state...

rather than objective consideration
of the case.

And what other changes were there?
The right to appeal was eliminated.
The Supreme Court of the Reich
was replaced by...

People's and Special Courts.
The concept of race
was made a legal concept for the first time.

And what was the result of this?
The result?
The result was
to hand over the administration of justice...

into the hands of the dictatorship.
Now, Dr. Wieck...
Col. Lawson, I would like
to ask a few questions.

Did the judiciary protest these laws
abridging their independence?

A few of them did.
Those who did resigned,
or were forced to resign.

Others adapted themselves
to the new situation.

Do you think the judiciary was aware
of the consequences to come?

At first, perhaps not.
Later it became clear to anyone
who had eyes and ears.